Periodontics is the specialty that studies the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of gums.
Periodontal diseases (gingivitis and periodontitis) are those that affect the gums and in more advanced state also affect the bone that supports the teeth.
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gum without affecting the dental support tissues.
Frequently, gingivitis evolves to periodontitis, in which there is an affectation of the tissues that support the roots.
The bleeding is related to the inflammation of the gums. We can reduce inflammation by a correct brushing and performing oral hygiene in the office frequently.
Gum diseases often do not cause discomfort or pain. Until periodontitis does not reach an advanced stage it is unnoticed.
The number of dental cleanings that must be performed per year depends on the risk profile of suffering gum disease of each patient. The recommended minimum is 1 to 2 per year.
Patients with gum disease or periodontitis often have bad breath (halitosis). Halitosis has a direct relationship with periodontitis (> 80% of the time), since the origin is bacterial.
When there is a loss of gum on the teeth, we can cover the exposed roots with gum grafts. Bone grafts are performed when bone support has been lost in the teeth and the defect created is angular.